Chapter OneSector at a glance

 snapshot of key sector statistics, gathered from the 2016 NSW Workforce Profile, and the Australian Bureau of Statistics

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  • 326,706 Number of employees in the NSW public sector (FTE), a decrease from 2015
  • 187.4bn government sector net worth in 2015/16
  • 48.2% employee-related costs that account for general government expediture
  • 0.6 percentage point decrease in employee-related costs as a proportion of general government expenditure
  • 63.6% Proportion of employees who are woman
  • 45 years Median age of public sector employees
  • 24.5% Employees aged 55 or over

 NSW Workforce Profile

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  • $81,649 Median salary in 2016, an increase from 2015/ Women: $81,649, Men: $82,233
  • $949 Decrease in the gap between the median male and female salary from June 2015 (the gap in 2016 is now $584)
  • 2,694 increase in number of nurses, teachers and police officers from June 2015 (FTE)
  • 59 is the decrease in number of overall employees from June 2015 (FTE)
  • 3.1% is proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander employees
  • 9.3 years median length of service in agency
  • 26.7% proportion of public sector employees who work part-time
  • 67.1 hours average unscheduled paid absence taken annually (per FTE) - a 3.1% increase from 2015
  • 10.3% Public sector proportion of all people employed in NSW
  • 62% Proportion of public sector employees working in Sydney
  • 2.8% proportion of employees reporting a disability, a decrease from 2015

Trends in public sector employment Census period (FTE) 1999 – 2016

Trends in public sector employment 1999-2016 (census FTE)

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Trends in public sector employment 1999-2016 (census FTE)

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Year Census full-time equivalent employees
1999 272,863
2003 291,264
2007 312,201
2011 330,400
2015 326,765
2016 326,706

Changes in NSW public sector employment compared to total NSW employment, 2010–2016

Trends in public sector employment 1999-2016 (census FTE)

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NSW PS (% growth) NSW employed persons (% growth)
2010 0.8 1.1
2011 2.2 1.4
2012 1.8 1.3
2013 -0.6 2.1
2014 -0.8 0.2
2015 -0.5 2.4
2016 -0.2 3.2

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics 6291.0.55.001–Labour Force, Australia, Detailed–Electronic Delivery, Aug 2016–Table 16–Released 22 September 2016

Teachers, nurses and police officers census period (FTE) 2011–2016

Teachers, nurses and police officers census period (FTE) 2011–2016

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2011 2015 2016
Police Officers 15,509 16,157 16,060
Teachers 61,149 63,274 64,919
Nurses 40,312 44,331 45,478

Source: NSW Workforce Profile 2016

Changing shape of the public service workforce, 2014 – 2016

TChanging shape of the public service workforce, 2014 – 2016

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2104 2016
General scale 9,361 6,751
Grade 1/2 6,181 6,269
Grade 3/4 12,416 11,113
Grade 5/6 7,904 9,328
Grade 7/8 9,535 9,735
Grade 9/10 7,559 7,657
Grade 11/12 4,824 5,124
Senior Officer/Executive 3,040 2,508

Source: NSW Workforce Profile 2016

Profile of employees in key occupations

>Profile of employees in key occupations

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Occupation Number of employees (2016 FTE) Median tenure (years in agency)
School Teachers 64,919 13.4
Nurses 45,478 7.9
Clerical and Administrative Workers 30,455 8.0
Police Officers 16,060 12.2
Cleaners and Laundry Workers 4,758 8.7
Food Preparation Assistants 2,045 9.9
Handy person 1,596 9.2
Medical Practitioners 10,980 3.5
Fire Fighter 3,882 14.1
Ambulance Officer 2,779 9.0
Bus Driver 3,645 8.0
Prison Officer 3,520 12.8
Residential Care Officer 2,996 8.4
School Support Staff 20,296 10.4
Train Driver 1,733 12.5
All Other Staff 108,487 8.5

Source: NSW Workforce Profile 2016

Change in employment by Service since introduction of the Government Sector Employment Act 2013, 2014–2016 (FTE)

Profile of employees in key occupations

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FTE 2014 FTE 2016
Public Service 63,769 61,339
Other Crown Services 42,745 40,657
Transport Services 13,334 12,948
NSW Police Force 19,529 19,689
Teaching Service 62,859 65,696
NSW Health Service 105,763 111,016

Grouped by legislation. The Public Service includes the policy and regulatory agencies and Family and Community Services. Other Crown Services includes Sydney Trains, NSW Trains and TAFE

Source: NSW Workforce Profile 2016

Paid unscheduled absence, hours per FTE, 2012–2016

Change in employment by Service, 2014 - 2016 (FTE)

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2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
61.4 62.3 63.7 65.1 67.1

Non-casual employees only.

Source: NSW Workforce Profile 2016

The NSW public sector is structured into 10 clusters to coordinate related services

Each cluster comprises a department and agencies, with the exception of the four independent agencies (‘external to government sector’), which are not part of a cluster. The majority of employees work in the Health and Education clusters.

 The NSW public sector is structured into 10 clusters to coordinate related services

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Cluster
%
Education 89,107 27.3%
External to Government Sector 1,083 0.3%
Family & Community Services 13,340 4.1%
Finance, Services & Innovation 7,618 2.3%
Health 111,833 34.2%
Industry 28,742 8.8%
Justice 41,151 12.6%
Planning & Environment 5,366 1.6%
Premier & Cabinet 2,236 0.7%
Transport 25,083 7.7%
Treasury 1,147 0.4%
Total 326,706

FTE 2016

Source: NSW Workforce Profile 2016

Where public sector employees work in NSW

While Sydney has the most public sector employees overall, when examined as a proportion of total employment in a region, the public sector contributes far more to overall employment in the regions of Far West and Orana and Central West at 17.3% and 13.3% respectively

 Where public sector employees work in NSW

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Region 2016 public sector headcount Percentage of total NSW employment that public sector provides for the region
Capital Region 10,632 9.5
Central Coast 15,608 9.2
Central West 14,180 13.3
Coffs Harbour - Grafton 7,889 12.5
Far West and Orana 9,921 17.3
Hunter Valley exc Newcastle 10,544 8.2
Illawarra 15,955 11.1
Mid North Coast 10,434 12.1
Murray 5,758 12.9
New England and North West 10,934 12.6
Newcastle and Lake Macquarie 24,773 13.2
Richmond - Tweed 12,005 11.0
Riverina 9,416 11.5
Southern Highlands and Shoalhaven 5,339 8.7
Sydney East 131,164 9.3
Sydney West 96,182 9.9

 ABS figures for total NSW employment are estimated employed persons who live in the region, not estimated employed persons who work in the region

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Population by Age and Sex, Regions of Australia, 2015 (3235.0)–released 18 August 2016.

Where public sector employees commute

People are more likely to work in the region in which they live than in another region. However, substantial numbers of NSW public sector employees commute to Sydney from each of the surrounding regions.

Where public sector employees commute to

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Home region
Work region Sydney East Sydney West Central Coast Illawarra
Sydney East 93,840 26,156 3,775 3,221
Sydney West 17,696 72,871 1,002 1,582
Central Coast 455 167 13,441 17
Illawarra 590 451 21 14,018

All figures are 2016 Census Period Headcount, Public Sector

Source: NSW Workforce Profile 2016

Median age by cluster

While the ageing population is a reality, the median age per cluster varies across the sector.

Median age by cluster

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Premier & Cabinet 41
Treasury 41
Justice 42
Health 43
Planning & Environment 43
Finance, Services & Innovation 44
Education 45
Family & Community Services 47
Transport 47
Industry 48
External to Government Sector 49
Total Sector 45

Source: NSW Workforce Profile 2016

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander employees as a proportion of the NSW public sector, 2006–2016

Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander employees as part of the NSW public sector, 2006 - 2016

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FY 2006 1.9%
FY 2007 2.1%
FY 2008 2.2%
FY 2009 2.4%
FY 2010 2.5%
FY 2011 2.6%
FY 2012 2.7%
FY 2013 2.7%
FY 2014 2.9%
FY 2015 3.1%
FY 2016 3.1%

Source: NSW Workforce Profile 2016

Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander employees in senior leadership roles in the government sector, 2014 – 2016

In 2015, 55 senior leaders identified as Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander. 17 are no longer in NSW government sector leadership roles, with some having left the sector and others having shifted to different roles. 11 did not have a Government Employee Number (GEN), which is a unique identifier for all NSW government employees. Without this number, their employment between agencies cannot be reported.

Of the 2015 group, 27 senior leaders remained. In 2016, 29 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander leaders have joined the 2015 group. 17 of those 29 were promoted to leadership roles within the sector. 7 do not have a GEN, and so their entry pathway to leadership is unknown. There are now 63 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander senior leaders in the NSW government sector.

Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander employees in senior leadership roles in the government sector, 2014 - 2016

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  • 2015 representation in leadership: 55 people
  • Current representation in leadership: 63 people
  • Premier's Priority goal by 2023: 114 people

Source: Government Employee Number and NSW Workforce Profile 2016

Gender profile across the public sector

Gender profile across the public sector

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Male % Female %
$8,000 to < $58,686 31.0% 69.0%
$58,687 to < $65,607 34.2% 65.8%
$65,608 to < $77,448 40.7% 59.3%
$77,448 to < $88,014 31.3% 68.7%
$88,015 to < $100,329 33.1% 66.9%
$100,330 to < $116,041 39.8% 60.2%
$116,042 to < $150,160 51.7% 48.3%
$150,161 to < $174,499 60.6% 39.4%
$174,500 to < $248,850 66.0% 34.0%
$248,851 to < $313,050 66.0% 34.0%
$313,051 & above 74.9% 25.1%

Source: NSW Workforce Profile 2016

Percentage of senior leadership roles held by women in government sector by cluster, 2014-2016

Percentage of senior leadership roles held by women in government sector by cluster, 2014-2016

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Cluster 2014 2015 2016
Education 46% 47% 52%
Family & Community Services 58% 57% 60%
Finance, Services & Innovation 34% 34% 36%
Health 36% 37% 39%
Industry 37% 39% 38%
Justice 24% 24% 25%
Planning & Environment 35% 34% 37%
Premier & Cabinet 48% 47% 51%
Transport 20% 21% 22%
Treasury 36% 38% 37%

Source: NSW Workforce Profile 2016

Women in senior leadership roles across the government sector, 2015–2016

Women in senior leadership roles across the government sector, 2015–2016

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  • 2015 representation: 34%
  • Current representation in leadership: 36%
  • Premier's Priority goal by 2025: 50%

Source: NSW Workforce Profile 2016