Trust, Service

& Accountability

Behaving Ethically

The Decision Matrix Tool

The Decision Matrix Tool

When assessing options in the Decision Process Tool it may be useful to visually present the differences between the available options. This can be done using the Decision Matrix Tool.

The Basic Matrix

The basic matrix compares options against decision making criteria and helps determine if they comply with the Ethical Framework. 

In the following example, three options (A, B and C) are compared against some principles of the Ethical Framework and are indicated with a tick (✓) if they comply and a cross (✗) if they don’t:


In this example, Options A and C comply with 7 of the selected Ethical Framework principles, and Option B complies with only 5 of the selected criteria.

The Quantified Matrix

The Basic Matrix uses a Yes/No answer to indicate if the option complies with the selected criterion.  However, in many instances, the option may only partially comply with the criterion.  As demonstrated in the example above, a basic matrix may also be insufficient to decide between options A and C.

In these cases, use a Quantified Matrix which rates the extent to which an option complies with particular criterion, for example ratings of 1 to 5 (1 = poor to 5 = excellent), against a criterion.


When using ratings it is important to note that the results will skew in favour of categories containing the most criteria. It may be useful to divide the results into categories, as below:


Ethical Framework compliance matrix

A detailed Decision Matrix which can be used to check compliance of decision options against the objective, values and principles of the Ethical Framework is provided at Appendix A.